When you search for files the Finder window with the results has what is known as the Path Bar. As you can see in the below image, the Path Bar allows you to click on any directory in the hierarchy up to the one you are on and open that directory in the Finder.
By default, the Path Bar is only shown in a search result, but if you like it then you can see it in every Finder window. To enable this feature, create a boolean key in the com.apple.finder.plist with a value of yes. To do so, you can use the defaults command:
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowPathBar -bool YES
To go back to having the Path Bar disabled:
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowPathBar -bool NO