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Tiny Deathstars of Foulness

There is a new service in macOS, called Tetherator. Tethered-caching is a script that allows you to easily and quickly interact with the tethered-caching service, which has a few kinda’ cool options. This is on a client, and really speeds up all that crazy provisioning stuff you do. It can also check for the presence of a macOS Caching Server and use that as a source for the cache. The tethered-caching script is located at /usr/bin/tethered-caching. Before you do anything with the service, check the status. That’s done with the -s option (there’s also a -v option to get verbose): tethered-caching -s The results before activated should be as follows:
2017-02-28 10:44:45.730 AssetCacheTetheratorUtil[3665:182657] Tetherator is disabled: (no error) 2017-02-28 10:44:45.746 AssetCacheActivatorUtil[3666:182664] Built-in caching server can be activated. 2017-02-28 10:44:45.762 AssetCacheActivatorUtil[3667:182673] Built-in caching server is deactivated: (no error)
Then start the service using the -n option in tethered-caching, along with the IP range to be used: tethered-caching -n 192.168.1.0 This sets the ListenRanges key in the plist and should result in an activation process that appears as follows:
Starting tethered caching… 2017-02-28 10:47:59.691 AssetCacheActivatorUtil[3848:192902] Built-in caching server can be activated. 2017-02-28 10:47:59.706 AssetCacheActivatorUtil[3849:192910] Built-in caching server is deactivated: (no error) Filtering the log data using “subsystem == “com.apple.AssetCache” AND messageType == 16″ Timestamp (process)[PID] 2017-02-28 10:48:05.098735-0600 localhost AssetCache[2882]: [com.apple.AssetCache.builtin] Built-in Caching Server activated. Exiting to allow re-launch. 2017-02-28 10:48:05.207493-0600 localhost AssetCache[2882]: [com.apple.AssetCache.builtin] Built-in Caching Server shutting down (0) 2017-02-28 10:48:07.362926-0600 localhost AssetCache[3862]: [com.apple.AssetCache.builtin] Built-in Caching Server version 170 started 2017-03-02 10:45:53.753 AssetCacheTetheratorUtil[29283:2526186] Tetherator enabled. Started tethered caching. To stop it, press control+c once.
At this point, you’re calling /usr/bin/AssetCacheLocatorUtil to register and then start /usr/libexec/AssetCache/AssetCache via /System/Library/Preferences/Logging/Subsystems/com.apple.AssetCacheServices.plist which defaults read nets: {Activator = {}; "DEFAULT-OPTIONS" = { "Default-Privacy-Setting" = Public; "Enable-Oversize-Messages" = 1; "Event-Log" = { Enabled = Inherit;}; Level = { Enable = Inherit; Persist = Inherit;}; TTL = {Debug = 0;Default = 10;Info = 10;};}; Daemon = {}; Extensions = {}; Framework = {}; Tetherator = {};} The AssetCache preferences can be seen by catting /Library/Preferences/com.apple.AssetCache.plist: Activated = 0; CacheLimit = 0; DataPath = "/Library/Caches/com.apple.AssetCache"; LastConfigData = ; LastConfigURL = "http://suconfig.apple.com/resource/registration/v1/config.plist"; LastPort = 50775; ListenRanges = ({first = "192.168.1.1";last = "192.168.1.254";}); ListenRangesOnly = 1; LocalSubnetsOnly = 0; PeerLocalSubnetsOnly = 1; Port = 0; PublicRanges = automatic; ReservedVolumeSpace = 2000000000; SavedCacheDetails = {}; SavedCacheDetailsOrder = ("Mac Software","iOS Software","Apple TV Software",iCloud,Books,"iTunes U",Movies,Music,Other); SavedCacheDetailsStrings = {All the language keys as arrays - which I cut out to truncate the contents of the plist read}; SavedCacheSize = 0; ServerGUID = "C5F29418-6158-4D3B-9162-XXX"; Version = 1; Note that in the above, the LastConfigData key is pulled at activation by curling http://suconfig.apple.com/resource/registration/v1/config.plist. I’ve truncated the key as it’s kinda’ long… A simple command that will be pretty common is to increase the size of the cache. To do so, you’d just edit that CacheLimit key to be the number that you want the cache to be. In the following example, we’re writing the CacheLimit key into AssetCache.plist at 100 gigs: defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.AssetCache.plist CacheLimit -int 100000000000 There’s also com.apple.AssetCache.builtin.plist in /Library/LaunchDaemons which starts the builtin AssetCache, AssetCacheC, and CacheDelete service. Once started, you will have a sqlite3 database called AssetInfo.db at /Library/Caches/com.apple.AssetCache. A basic structure of how data is stored includes the following tables:
  • ZAFFINITY with the following column: Z_PK INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, Z_ENT INTEGER, Z_OPT INTEGER, ZLASTSAVED TIMESTAMP, ZID VARCHAR
  • ZASSET with the following columns: Z_PK INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, Z_ENT INTEGER, Z_OPT INTEGER, ZMD5OFFSET INTEGER, ZTOTALBYTES INTEGER, ZCREATIONDATE TIMESTAMP, ZLASTACCESSED TIMESTAMP, ZCHECKSUM VARCHAR, ZGUID VARCHAR, ZINDEX VARCHAR, ZLASTMODIFIEDSTRING VARCHAR, ZNAMESPACE VARCHAR, ZURI VARCHAR, ZMD5CONTEXT BLOB
  • Z_METADATA with the following columns: Z_VERSION INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, Z_UUID VARCHAR(255), Z_PLIST BLOB
  • Z_MODELCACHE with just the Z_CONTENT column
  • TABLE Z_PRIMARYKEY with the following columns: Z_ENT INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, Z_NAME VARCHAR, Z_SUPER INTEGER, Z_MAX INTEGER
Once enabled, updates will be cached to the computer that the service is enabled on, metadata stored in the previously mentioned database, and then change ports and network ranges when needed.

March 27th, 2017

Posted In: Apple Configurator, Apple TV, Apple Watch, iPhone, JAMF, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server, Mass Deployment, precache

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When using Apple Configurator, you can assign an existing supervision identity to be used with devices you place into supervision. To do so, first open Apple Configurator and click on Organizations.

Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 5.05.48 PM From Organizations, click on the plus sign (“+”). Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 5.05.51 PM From the Create an Organization screen, click Next. Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 5.05.55 PM When prompted to provide information about your organization, provide the name, phone, email, and/or address of the organization. Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 5.06.02 PM If you are importing an identity, select “Choose an existing supervision identity” and click on Next. Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 5.06.06 PM When prompted, click Choose to select the identity to use (e.g. exported from another instance of Apple Configurator or from Profile Manager). Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 5.06.20 PM Click Choose when you’ve highlighted the appropriate certificate. Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 5.06.24 PM Click Done.

August 23rd, 2016

Posted In: Apple Configurator, iPhone

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Looks like Sal et al posted a suite of Automator Actions to link the Casper Suite to Apple Configurator at https://configautomation.com/jamf-actions.html. In my limited tests so far they work pretty darn well! Screen Shot 2016-07-14 at 12.09.27 PM Some pretty cool things here, like having the JSS rename a mobile device when managed through Apple Configurator, having Apple Configurator instruct the JSS to remove a device from a group, clear passcodes, update inventory, and other common tasks involved in workflows when leveraging Apple Configurator for en masse device management. Good stuff!

July 14th, 2016

Posted In: Apple Configurator, iPhone, JAMF

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The increase in the use and complexity of technological assets in the healthcare sector has been on the rise in the recent past. Healthcare practitioners have moved from recording data manually to keeping Electronic Health Records. This eases the accessibility and the availability of data to the health practitioners. Further, electronically stored data makes it possible for patients to receive high quality and error-free care, improve decision making process because medical history is available and also makes it possible to provide safer and more reliable information for medication. Despite, the numerous advantages that the use of technology in healthcare has, there is also a threat of patients data leakage that lingers around. According to a research by Garrison and Posey (2012), medical identity theft has far more consequences in comparison to the typical identity theft. In average, every medical theft case can cost $20,000, and represents a substantial privacy violation. For this reason and more, it is important for healthcare institutions to protect patient data by securing technological assets within the institution. This article will explore the different methods used to secure the technological assets, with an emphasis on mobile devices. The first method is limiting access to the electronic health records to only a few individuals. According to Gajanayake et al.(2014) suggests that there are different models of limiting access to the records. The first step is to ask for authentication, this will prompt them to verify their identity. This could be achieved by giving the authorized individuals unique passwords for identification and also by performing biometric scans of the individuals. This step will eliminate the possibility of unauthorized access to the technological access. The second step is to limit the type of information that one is supposed to access. This could be made possible using certain access models. Examples of models that have been proposed include Discretionary Access Control (DAC),Mandatory Access Control (MAC) and Role Based Access Control (RBAC). The DAC restricts access to certain commands such as’ write’, ‘read’ and ‘execute.MAC controls access by assigning information different levels of security levels. RBAC is based on the rights and permission that depend on the roles of an individual. These models normally apply to the security of electronic data. Other assets such as the hardware could be protected physically by limiting authorization to their storage rooms and also limit the location in which they are expected to be used at. Limiting access ensures that those that are not authorized to access the information are locked out of the database.Hence, this is an important strategy in protecting patients’ data. The second method is through carrying out regular audits on the electronic system and the individuals handling the technological assets. Audit controls record and examine the activities that involve access and use of the patients’ data. This can be integrated into the Electronic Health Record (EHR) system or used to monitor the physical movements of the individuals that have access to the records. In addition, HIPAA requires that all health institutions that use the EHR system should run audit trails and have the necessary documentation of the same (Hoofman & Podgurski,2007). Some of the information collected during audits includes the listing of the content, duration and the user. This can be recorded in form of audit logs which makes it easy to identify any inconsistencies in the system (Dekker &Etalle ,2007). Further, monitoring of the area where the hardware have been placed for used should be done. This can achieve by use of recorded video, which monitors the activities of individuals who use the system. This can also be audited regularly and any inconsistencies noted (Ozair et al., 2005) Carrying out audits of the technology assets of the healthcare institution will help to monitor the daily use of the system which will enable the identification of any abnormal activities that may endanger patients’ data. The third method is the setting up of policies and standards that safeguard the patients’ data. These policies may vary from one institution to another. For instance, the employees should be prohibited against sharing their passwords and ID and they should always log out their accounts after accessing the system. The authorized individuals would also be properly trained about these so that they are aware of their importance. In addition, these policies should be accompanied by consequences which will impact the users. This will ensure that they follow the policies to the letter. The set of policies and standards are to ensure uniformity in the protection of patients’ data (Ozair et al., 2005). The fourth method that could be implemented to protect patients’ information is through the application of various security measures to the software and the hardware. The software can be protected through encryption of data, using firewalls and antivirus software’s to prevent hackers from accessing the data. Intrusion detection software can also be integrated into the system. These measures will protect the data from individuals who intend on hacking into the system online and accessing information for malicious purposes. The hardware could be protected by placing security guards at different stations where patients’ data is stored so that he ensures that no unauthorized person gets access to the area or no one tampers with the system or steals it. This step will ensure that the hardware is kept safe from intruders and people with malicious intent. Protecting patient data starts with the software systems that house the data. The databases that warehouse patient data must be limited to only those who need access and access to each record must be logged and routinely audited at a minimum. Data should only reside where necessary. This means that data should not be stored on devices, at rest. For Apple devices, device management tools such as the Casper Suite from JAMF Software both help to keep end users from moving data out of the software that provides access patient data, and in the case of inadvertent leakage of data onto unprotected parts of devices, devices should be locked or wiped in case of the device falling outside the control of a care giver. Finally, the integrity of devices must be maintained, so jailbroken devices should not be used, and devices and software on devices should always be kept up-to-date, and strong security policies should be enforced, including automatic lock of unattended devices and strong password or pin code policies applied. In summary, the protection of patients’ data in this technological era should be given a priority. In consideration of the frequency and losses that are experienced due to leakage or loss of private patients’ information, more should be invested in maintaining privacy and confidentiality of data. This can be achieved through controlling access to the electronic data and the gadgets that hold it, carrying out regular audits on the access of the system, creating policies and procedures that ensure that data is secures and finally through, putting in security measures that guard against loss and leakage of the information. All these measures will aid in alleviating the risk of patients’ data and maintaining their privacy and confidentiality which is the main agenda. REFERENCES Dekker, M. A. C., & Etalle, S. (2007). Audit-based access control for electronic health records.Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science,168, 221-236. Hoffman, S., & Podgurski, A. (2007). Securing the HIPAA security rule. Journal of Internet Law, Spring, 06-26. Garrison, C. P., & Guy Posey, O. (2012). MEDICAL IDENTITY THEFT: CONSEQUENCES, FREQUENCY, AND THE IMPLICATION OF ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS AND DATA BREACHES. International Journal of Social Health Information Management5(11). Gajanayake, R., Iannella, R., & Sahama, T. (2014). Privacy oriented access control for electronic health records. electronic Journal of Health Informatics8(2), 15. Ozair, F. F., Jamshed, N., Sharma, A., & Aggarwal, P. (2015). Ethical issues in electronic health records: A general overview. Perspectives in clinical research6(2), 73.  

June 29th, 2016

Posted In: Apple Configurator, Business, iPhone, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server, Small Business

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An hour into my first Reddit AMA with some super-excellent JAMFs!
AMA w/ Charles Edge and the Apple management experts at JAMF Software from macsysadmin

June 24th, 2016

Posted In: Apple Configurator, Articles and Books, Business, iPhone, JAMF, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server, Mac Security, Mass Deployment

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Last week, I gave a presentation on criteria for evaluating partners, managing revenue streams and partner channel programs. The presentation, given on May 4th, is available below. Screen Shot 2016-05-09 at 3.26.00 PM The file is ACES_Partners  

May 12th, 2016

Posted In: Active Directory, Apple Configurator, Bushel

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Apple Configurator 2 is a great tool. But you need to debug things from time to time. This might mean that a profile is misconfigured and not installing, or that a device can’t perform a task you are sending it to be performed. This is about the time that you need to enable some debug logs. To do so, quit Apple Configurator and then write a string of ALL into the ACULogLevel key in ~/Library/Containers/com.apple.configurator.ui/Data/Library/Preferences/com.apple.configurator.ui.plist: defaults write ~/Library/Containers/com.apple.configurator.ui/Data/Library/Preferences/com.apple.configurator.ui.plist ACULogLevel -string ALL To disable, quit Apple Configurator and then delete that ACULogLevel key: defaults delete ~/Library/Containers/com.apple.configurator.ui/Data/Library/Preferences/com.apple.configurator.ui.plist ACULogLevel

April 19th, 2016

Posted In: Apple Configurator, iPhone

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The Caching Server in OS X is a little bit of a black box. But, it’s not all that complicated, compared to some things in the IT world. I’d previously written about command line management of the service itself here. When you enable the caching service, the server registers itself as a valid Caching Server. Nearby devices then lookup the closest update server with Apple and register with that update server using a GUID: /Applications/Server.app/Contents/ServerRoot/usr/sbin/serveradmin settings caching:ServerGUID Then, each time the device looks for an update, it does so against http://mesu.apple.com/assets/com_apple_MobileAsset_SoftwareUpdate/com_apple_MobileAsset_SoftwareUpdate.xml using the device model. Noticed this with this line in my proxy logs: "GET http://mesu.apple.com/assets/com_apple_MobileAsset_SoftwareUpdate/com_apple_MobileAsset_SoftwareUpdate.xml HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "MobileAsset/1.0" Let’s say that the device is an iPad 2,7, then the following information is used for the update, with a URL of http://appldnld.apple.com/iOS9.3.1/031-56322-20160331-F8B29F9E-F68D-11E5-AF11-0744ED25FABD/com_apple_MobileAsset_SoftwareUpdate/1c02ea51b4d2d50b04526c4ec29780b8e02dfe76.zip, which is created using the _BaseURL string followed by the _RelativePath string:
<dict> <key>ActualMinimumSystemPartition</key> <integer>1965</integer> <key>Build</key> <string>13E6238</string> <key>InstallationSize</key> <string>0</string> <key>MinimumSystemPartition</key> <integer>2017</integer> <key>OSVersion</key> <string>9.3.1</string> <key>ReleaseType</key> <string>Beta</string> <key>SUDocumentationID</key> <string>iOS931GM</string> <key>SUInstallTonightEnabled</key> <true/> <key>SUMultiPassEnabled</key> <true/> <key>SUProductSystemName</key> <string>iOS</string> <key>SUPublisher</key> <string>Apple Inc.</string> <key>SupportedDeviceModels</key> <array> <string>P107AP</string> </array> <key>SupportedDevices</key> <array> <string>iPad2,7</string> </array> <key>SystemPartitionPadding</key> <dict> <key>1024</key> <integer>1280</integer> <key>128</key> <integer>1280</integer> <key>16</key> <integer>160</integer> <key>256</key> <integer>1280</integer> <key>32</key> <integer>320</integer> <key>512</key> <integer>1280</integer> <key>64</key> <integer>640</integer> <key>768</key> <integer>1280</integer> <key>8</key> <integer>80</integer> </dict> <key>_CompressionAlgorithm</key> <string>zip</string> <key>_DownloadSize</key> <integer>1164239508</integer> <key>_EventRecordingServiceURL</key> <string>https://xp.apple.com/report</string> <key>_IsZipStreamable</key> <true/> <key>_Measurement</key> <data>Rfrw7jNYWH8xNS67pXoq7NEhpUI=</data> <key>_MeasurementAlgorithm</key> <string>SHA-1</string> <key>_UnarchivedSize</key> <integer>1235575808</integer> <key>__AssetDefaultGarbageCollectionBehavior</key> <string>NeverCollected</string> <key>__BaseURL</key> <string> http://appldnld.apple.com/iOS9.3.1/031-56322-20160331-F8B29F9E-F68D-11E5-AF11-0744ED25FABD/ </string> <key>__CanUseLocalCacheServer</key> <true/> <key>__QueuingServiceURL</key> <string>https://ns.itunes.apple.com/nowserving</string> <key>__RelativePath</key> <string> com_apple_MobileAsset_SoftwareUpdate/1c02ea51b4d2d50b04526c4ec29780b8e02dfe76.zip </string> </dict>
You can then use these dictionaries to assemble this path for all items in the dictionary with “iPad 2,7” in the SupportedDevices key. You can also choose to assemble this path for all items with the OSVersion of a given string, such as 9.3.1 in this case. You could curl these updates down to a client, or request them through the caching service, which would cache them to the Caching Server, using the IP of the server (e.g. 10.1.1.2) http://10.1.1.2:55491/iOS9.3.1/031-56322-20160331-F8B29F9E-F68D-11E5-AF11-0744ED25FABD/1c02ea51b4d2d50b04526c4ec29780b8e02dfe76.zip?source=appldnld.apple.com Found the above URL using a reverse proxy. This URL is generated based on an http request to the IP address of the caching service, followed by the port. The port is derived using the serveradmin command and query the settings for caching:Port as follows: /Applications/Server.app/Contents/ServerRoot/usr/sbin/serveradmin settings caching:Port In this example, the URL is then http://10.1.1.2:55491/ But the URL then splits the _BaseURL into two parts, taking appldnld.apple.com from the URL and appending ?source=appldnld.apple.com. So without the update, the URL would be the following: http://10.1.1.2:55491?source=appldnld.apple.com OK, so now we’ll pop the other part of that _BaseURL in there: http://10.1.1.2:55491/iOS9.3.1/031-56322-20160331-F8B29F9E-F68D-11E5-AF11-0744ED25FABD?source=appldnld.apple.com And then there’s one more step, which is throw the zip in there: http://10.1.1.2:55491/iOS9.3.1/031-56322-20160331-F8B29F9E-F68D-11E5-AF11-0744ED25FABD/1c02ea51b4d2d50b04526c4ec29780b8e02dfe76.zip?source=appldnld.apple.com Viola. Curl that and the caching server will download that update and make it ready for clients to access. Everything is hashed and secure in the directory listed using this command: /Applications/Server.app/Contents/ServerRoot/usr/sbin/serveradmin settings caching:DataPath

April 18th, 2016

Posted In: Apple Configurator, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server, Mac Security

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Below is a listing of all the profile payloads that you see listed when using the Profile Manager web interface as well as their corresponding keys in the mobileconfig files. You can use these to generate profile keys programmatically: Distribution Type: Automatic Push Manual Download Organization: PayloadOrganization Description: PayloadDisplayName Automatically Remove Profile: PayloadRemovalDisallowed Payload scope: User or computer —— Identification User Display Name: Email address: EmailAddress User Name: FullName Password: Password User Enters Password: AuthMethod Prompt: Prompt Prompt Message: PromptMessage ——— Restrictions (com.apple.applicationaccess.new) Preferences tab: Restrict Items in System Preferences: familyControlsEnabled Allow array: EnabledPreferencePanes with each identified in a string for its domain: EnabledPreferencePanes com.apple.preferences.users com.apple.preference.general com.apple.preference.universalaccess com.apple.preferences.appstore com.apple.preferences.softwareupdate com.apple.preferences.Bluetooth com.apple.preference.digihub.discs com.apple.preference.datetime com.apple.preference.desktopscreeneffect com.apple.preference.displays com.apple.preference.dock com.apple.preference.energysaver com.apple.preferences.extensions com.apple.prefpanel.fibrechannel com.apple.preferences.icloud com.apple.preference.ink com.apple.preferences.internetaccounts com.apple.preference.keyboard com.apple.Localization com.apple.preference.expose com.apple.preference.mouse com.apple.preference.network com.apple.preference.notifications com.apple.preferences.parentalcontrols com.apple.preference.printfax com.apple.preferences.configurationprofiles com.apple.preference.security com.apple.preferences.sharing com.apple.preference.sound com.apple.preference.speech com.apple.preference.spotlight com.apple.preference.startupdisk com.apple.prefs.backup com.apple.preference.trackpad Apps tab: Allow use of Game Center: GKFeatureGameCenterAllowed Allow multiplayer gaming: GKFeatureMultiplayerGamingAllowed Allow adding Game Center friends: GKFeatureAddingGameCenterFriendsAllowed Allow Game Center account modification: GKFeatureAccountModificationAllowed Allow App Store app adoption: restrict-store-disable-app-adoption Allow Safari AutoFill: safariAllowAutoFill Require admin password to install or update apps: restrict-store-require-admin-to-install Restrict App Store to MDM installed apps and software updates: SHKAllowedShareServices Restrict which apps are allowed to launch Allow Apps: whiteListEnabled Paths to apps: whitelist array Allow Folders: pathWhiteList Disallow Folders: pathBlackList Widgets tab: Dashboard Widget Restrictions payload: Enable: whiteListEnabled Array of enabled objects: whitelist Media tab: Edit Mount-Controls in Restrictions payload AirDrop: DisableAirDrop Internal Disks: harddisk-internal External Disks: harddisk-external Disk Images: disk-image DVD-RAM: dvdram CDs & CD-ROMs: blankcd DVDs: blankdvd Eject at Logout: logout-eject Sharing: Edit the SHKAllowedShareServices array of services. Simply remove service to edit the array. Functionality: Lock Desktop Picture: locked Path to picture: override-picture-path Allow use of camera: Allow iCloud Documents & Data: allowCloudDocumentSync Allow use of iCloud Password for Local Accounts: DisableUsingiCloudPassword Allow Spotlight Suggestions: allowSpotlightInternetResults ——— Messages (for Jabber, not AIM) Account Description: JabberAccountDescription Account Type: Sets com.apple.jabber.account payload Account Name: JabberUserName Password: JabberPassword Server Address: JabberHostName Server Port: JabberPort Use SSL: JabberUseSSL Use Kerberos v5: JabberAuthKerberos ——— AD Certificate (alacarte.adcert) Description: Description Certificate Server: CertServer Certificate Authority: CertificateAuthority Certificate Template: CertTemplate Certificate Expiration Notification Threshold: CertificateRenewalTimeInterval Prompt for credentials: PromptForCredentials Username: UserName Password: Password Allow access to all apps: AllowAllAppsAccess Allow export from keychain: KeyIsExtractable Hidden setting: CertificateAcquisitionMechanism (set to RPC) ——— Login Items Apps: AutoLaunchedApplicationDictionary-managed, AutoLaunchedApplicationDictionary-managed Items: com.apple.loginitems.managed Authenticated Network Mounts: MCX-NetworkHomeDirectoryItem Add network home share point: AuthenticateAsLoginUserShortName User may press Shift to keep items from opening: DisableLoginItemsSuppression ——— Mobility Account Creation tab Create mobile account when user logs in to network account: com.apple.cachedaccounts.CreatePHDAtLogin com.apple.cachedaccounts.CreateAtLogin Require confirmation before creating mobile account: cachedaccounts.WarnOnCreate.allowNever Show “Don’t ask me again” checkbox: com.apple.cachedaccounts.WarnOnCreate Create home using: userPicksExternalVolume Encrypt contents with FileVault: cachedaccounts.create.encrypt (cachedaccounts.create.encrypt.requireMasterPassword requires a master password) Restrict size: cachedaccounts.create.maxSize Fixed size: cachedaccounts.create.maxSize.fixedSize Percent: cachedaccounts.create.maxSize.percentOfNetworkHome Home folder location:cachedaccounts.create.location Account Expiry tab Delete mobile accounts: cachedaccounts.expiry.delete.disusedSeconds Delete only after successful sync: cachedaccounts.expiry.cond.successfulSync Rules tab Preferences Sync subtab Sync at login: syncPreferencesAtLogin Sync at logout: syncPreferencesAtLogout Sync in background: syncPreferencesInBackground Sync manually: syncPreferencesAtSyncNow Sync Folders: syncedPrefFolders-managed Skip Items: excludedPrefItems-managed Merge with user’s settings: replaceUserPrefSyncList Home Sync sub tab: Mobility: Home Sync (com.apple.homesync) Sync at login: syncBackgroundSetAtLogin Sync at logout: syncBackgroundSetAtLogout Sync in background: periodicSyncOn Sync manually: syncBackgroundSetAtSyncNow Sync Folders: replaceUserSyncList Skip Items: excludedItems-managed Merge with user’s settings: replaceUserSyncList Options sub tab Sync in the background: syncPreferencesInBackground Sync time: syncPeriodSeconds Show status in menu bar:HomeSync.menu ——— Dock Dock Size: tilesize (followed by an integer) Magnification: magnification Position: orientation Minimize using: mineffect Animate opening apps: launchanim Automatically hide and show the Dock: autohide Show indicator lights for open apps: show-process-indicators Dock Apps: static-apps Dock Items Merge with User’s Dock: Add other folders:MCXDockSpecialFolders My Apps: AddDockMCXMyApplicationsFolder Documents: AddDockMCXDocumentsFolder Network Home: AddDockMCXOriginalNetworkHomeFolder ——— Printing Printer List: UserPrinterList, each has the following: DeviceURI: Path of the printer DisplayName: Name of printer Location: Location in printer description Model: Model of printer PrinterLocked: Whether the printer is uninstallable PPDURL: Path to the Printer driver file Default Printer: DefaultPrinter Allow user to modify printer list Allow printers that connect directly to user’s computer Require an administrator password: RequireAdminToAddPrinters Only show managed printers: ShowOnlyManagedPrinters Print page footer (user name and date): PrintFooter Include MAC address: PrintMACAddress Font Name: FooterFontName Font Size: FooterFontSize ——— Parental Controls Content Filtering: useContentFilter Disable use of Dictation Hide profanity in Dictionary and Dictation Trying to limit access to adult websites Allowing access to the following websites only Enable URL white list: Allow URLs: filterWhitelist (each url is stored in an item in the array Deny URLs: filterBlacklist Time Limits Enforce Allowances: allowancesActive, limits-list, allowancesActive Weekday Allowances: com.apple.familycontrols.timelimits.computer, timeLimitSeconds Weekend Allowances: com.apple.familycontrols.timelimits.computer, timeLimitSeconds Enforce Limits: familyControlsEnabled Sunday through Thursday: each day has an entry in the array Sunday: start and end string, each listing a time Monday: start and end string, each listing a time Tuesday: start and end string, each listing a time Wednesday: start and end string, each listing a time Thursday: start and end string, each listing a time Friday through Saturday Friday : start and end string, each listing a time Saturday: start and end string, each listing a time ————— Accessibility Vision Enable Zoom via ScrollWheel: closeViewScrollWheelToggle Enable Zoom via Keyboard: closeViewHotkeysEnabled Maximum Zoom: closeViewFarPoint Minimum Zoom: closeViewNearPoint Show preview rectangle when zoomed out: closeViewShowPreview Smooth images: closeViewSmoothImages Invert colors: whiteOnBlack Use grayscale: grayscale Enhance Contrast: contrast Cursor size: mouseDriverCursorSize Enable VoiceOver: voiceOverOnOffKey Hearing Flash the screen when an alert occurs: flashScreen Play stereo audio as mono: stereoAsMono Interacting Enable Sticky Keys: stickyKey Beep when a modifier key is set: stickyKeyBeepOnModifier Display pressed keys on screen: stickyKeyShowWindow Enable Slow Keys: slowKey Use click key sounds: slowKeyBeepOn Acceptance delay: slowKeyDelay Enable Mouse Keys: mouseDriver Initial delay: mouseDriverInitialDelay Maximum speed: mouseDriverMaxSpeed Ignore built-in trackpad: mouseDriverIgnoreTrackpad Finder Preferences tab Use Simple Finder: InterfaceLevel Show Hard disks on the desktop: ShowHardDrivesOnDesktop Show External disks on the desktop: ShowExternalHardDrivesOnDesktop Show CDs, DVDs and iPods on the desktop: ShowRemovableMediaOnDesktop Show Connected servers on the desktop: ShowMountedServersOnDesktop Show warning before emptying the Trash: WarnOnEmptyTrash Commands tab Connect to Server: ProhibitConnectTo Eject: ProhibitEject Burn Disc: ProhibitBurn Go to Folder: ProhibitGoToFolder Restart: RestartDisabledWhileLoggedIn Shut Down: ShutDownDisabledWhileLoggedIn Proxies Enable Web Proxy: HTTPEnable Web Proxy URL: HTTPProxy Web Proxy Port Number: HTTPPort Enable Secure Web Proxy: HTTPSEnable Secure Web Proxy URL: HTTPSProxy Secure Web Proxy Port Number: HTTPSPort Enable FTP Proxy: FTPEnable Secure FTP Proxy URL: FTPProxy Secure FTP Proxy Port Number: FTPPort Enable SOCKS Proxy: SOCKSEnable Secure SOCKS Proxy URL: SOCKSProxy Secure SOCKS Proxy Port Number: SOCKSPortNumber Enable Streaming Proxy (RTSP): RTSPEnable Secure Streaming Proxy URL: RTSPProxy Secure Streaming Proxy Port Number RTSPPort Enable Gopher Proxy: GopherEable Secure Gopher Proxy URL: GopherProxy Secure Gopher Proxy Port Number: GopherPort Exceptions: array called Exceptions Use Passive FTP Mode (PASV): FTPPassive Enable Automatic Configuration: ProxyAutoConfigEnabled Automatic Proxy Configuration URL: ProxyAutoConfigURLString Custom Profiles

February 19th, 2016

Posted In: Apple Configurator, iPhone, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server, Mac Security

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Previously, I covered how to Programmatically Obtain Recent Wi-Fi Networks On A Mac. But, here I’m gonna’ go a step further and look at how to extract the password for a network as well. The two are stored in different locations. The recent networks are in the /Library/Preferences/SystemConfiguration/com.apple.airport.preferences defaults domain. If you pull one of those, then you can use the security command to extract the password itself. security find-generic-password -ga "Krypted Home" The output is as follows, showing everything that is tracked about this network in the keychain. keychain: "/Library/Keychains/System.keychain" class: "genp" attributes: 0x00000007 <blob>="Krypted Home" 0x00000008 <blob>=<NULL> "acct"<blob>="Krypted Home" "cdat"<timedate>=0x32303135313230373135313731375A00 "20151207151717Z\000" "crtr"<uint32>=<NULL> "cusi"<sint32>=<NULL> "desc"<blob>="AirPort network password" "gena"<blob>=<NULL> "icmt"<blob>=<NULL> "invi"<sint32>=<NULL> "mdat"<timedate>=0x32303135313230373135313731375A00 "20151207151717Z\000" "nega"<sint32>=<NULL> "prot"<blob>=<NULL> "scrp"<sint32>=<NULL> "svce"<blob>="AirPort" "type"<uint32>=<NULL> password: "test" You can constrain the output with awk and grep so that you’d only see the password as the output of the command. Then, you can feed it back into other objects, like a new .mobileconfig.

December 11th, 2015

Posted In: Apple Configurator, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server, Mac Security, Mass Deployment

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